NGC CHVFIndo-Scythians Silver Tetradrachm of Azes I/II - 58 BC NGC CHVF
Indo-Scythians is the name given to the group of Scythians (Sakas) who around mid-2nd century BC, settled lands in south central Asia around the Indus river and along the Ratnakara coast (Indian Ocean). The Indo-Scythians lived in parts of modern day Afghanistan, India, Iran, and Pakistan. King Azes was successful in ruling and protecting his kingdom. From the time this coin was minted in 58 BC, until the turn of the millennium. The Indo-Scythian Empire at its height was a vast kingdom covering over 1.5 million km.
This coin was produced under King Azes I (c. 57 BC - c. 35 BC), who founded a calendar scheme known as the Azes era. Azes II issued a wide array of tetradrachms. The obverse is typically the so-called ''KMW'' or King mounted with whip. The reverses feature different deities, like Zeus. This is one of the earliest known bilingual minted coins. The coin legends show Greek letters and Kharosthi script.
Coins attributed to Azes II use Greek and Kharoshti inscriptions, depict a Greek goddess as his protector, and thereby essentially follow the numismatic model of the Greek kings of the Indo-Greek kingdom, suggesting a high willingness to accommodate Greek culture. A novel difference of the Indo-Scythians was to show the king on a horse, rather than his bust in profile as did the Greeks.