There have been a lot of different issues that have been done in the economic situations in different nations around the world. Many nations have tried to implement different efforts to control their money, either controlling the supply, or controlling how the money is used.
In the small Bavarian town of Worgl in the Austrian Alps in the great depression, in 1932 – 1933 the Mayor of the town was Michael Unterguggenberger. He was a Social Democrat and he wanted to try an experiment in money reform using the ideas of Silvio Gesell.
Gesell lived from 1862 to 1930 and he had some interesting ideas.
One of his ideas involved price controls. Mayor Unterguggenberger worked in his small Austrian town, going person to person to influence people. The mayor set prices, and used money that basically did not exist to pay for thing on paper, to keep money in circulation. It was a confusing method, and in the short term it appeared to work for a short amount of time.
The Mayor basically issued script money, and while the experiment was on the Mayor and the town build houses, a bridge, a new road, and replanted forests, all in anticipation of future cash that they would get from the trees.
It was a sort of nutty system but in the short term it worked. Then the Central Bank of Austria panicked and they asserted their rights over the money supply. They took it to the Austria Supreme Court and it became a criminal offense to issue script money.
Things crashed, and then World War II happened and Hitler took over Austria. But the Worgl Experiment was an issue that faded into history.
Sometimes people will talk about trying the Worgl experiment in modern times, but then it normally does not become a reality, the idea of issuing script money, or fake money.